Cruce Tectum

Cruce tectum, hidden under the cross, a blog for Epiphany Lutheran Church, Dorr, Michigan

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Location: Dorr, Michigan

Sunday, October 19, 2014

Nineteenth Sunday after Pentecost

Nineteenth Sunday after Pentecost (A—Proper 24)

October 19, 2014
Text: Matt. 22:15-22

            Our Lord Jesus teaches us that now, in this earthly life, we do owe certain things to Caesar, to the earthly government that God has established for the ordering of our outward life together.  St. Paul tells us in Romans 13 that every person should “be subject to the governing authorities.  For there is no authority except from God, and those that exist have been instituted by God" (v. 1; ESV).  That means that government is God’s good gift to us, to be received with thanksgiving and honored by proper use.  We call this in theology, “The Kingdom of God’s Left Hand,” which He rules by human reason, the coercive force of the law of the land, and the sword placed in the hands of human rulers.  He gives us this gift to protect society from descending into chaos, with each person doing what is right in his own eyes.  God gives the gift of government to approve what is good and to carry out God’s wrath on the wrongdoer, again, St. Paul’s words (vv. 3-4).  This is a Fourth Commandment issue: “Honor your father and your mother,” and by extension, all who are in authority over you.  “What does this mean?  We should fear and love God so that we do not despise or anger our parents and other authorities, but honor them, serve and obey them, love and cherish them.”[1]  This is what we owe Caesar.  And so we should render tax money.  We should render service to our neighbor by participation in civil society.  We’ve been granted the marvelous privilege of voting here in America, and we should do so with our biblically informed Christian consciences.  Those of us who can should serve in public office.  We should honor our leaders.  We should respect their office.  St. Paul reminds us that we should pray for them (1 Tim. 2:1-2), a very important responsibility we have as members of the Christian Church.  We should support them.  We should speak the truth in love to them and to our fellow citizens.  And we should obey them in everything, with one major exception: When the governing authorities ask us to violate God’s Law, then “We must obey God rather than men” (Acts 5:29).   Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s (Matt. 22:21).  Our citizenship is in heaven, to be sure, but God has placed us in the world to love and serve our neighbor in the world, and to participate fully in the world as Christians, as Christ’s emissaries who work faithfully in our various vocations and confess Christ to those around us.
            But Jesus says you are also to render to God the things that are God’s (v. 21), and this is really the point of our text.  What is God’s?  Everything.  You are to render to God everything.  Your very self.  All that you are and all that you have.  No exceptions.  After all, you are not your own (1 Cor. 6:19).  God created you, body and soul, for Himself.  And in spite of your unfaithfulness to Him, your selling yourself to other masters, to the devil, to the world, to the sin that dwells in your flesh, God has redeemed you by the blood and death of His Son, Jesus Christ.  You were bought at a price (v. 20).  And now God has made you His own by applying that redemption to you in Baptism.  He has breathed His Spirit into you, so that by faith in Jesus Christ you are a true son of the Father.  Now you live under Him in His Kingdom, under His rule.  This is what we call in theology, “The Kingdom of God’s Right Hand,” ruled by the Word of God.  And that which you owe God in this Kingdom is comprehensive.  You owe Him everything.  You are to render unto Him everything. 
            But you haven’t so rendered, neither to Caesar, nor to God.  You haven’t rendered to Caesar.  You regularly break the speed limit.  You fail to report income paid under the table.  You don’t just criticize your leaders, you disrespect their office.  You so often fail to serve your fellow citizens, all the while patting yourself on the back for all that you do and for the model citizen you are.  And as for God, you have not begun to render unto Him the things that are His.  It is not just a matter of what you do or don’t put in the offering plate, though you should note how you think nothing of it when you spend $5 on a cup of coffee at Starbucks, but you feel oh so generous when you drop an extra five dollar bill at Church.  You begrudge the Lord the demands He makes of you, the time He wants you to spend in the Divine Service, in Bible Study, and in prayer and devotion at home.  His Commandments with which you disagree or which you don’t like.  His demand that you love the neighbor you can’t stand, forgive the brother who has sinned against you, live for others, live for God, deny yourself, take up your cross, and follow Jesus.  Repent.  You have not rendered to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s.  You have not rendered to God the things that are God’s.
            But there is One who has: Christ Jesus, your Savior and your Substitute.  His rendering counts as your own.  He perfectly rendered unto Caesar, even in His mother’s womb, traveling to Bethlehem for the Census, for the tax.  He was obedient to the governing authorities.  He stood before Pontius Pilate, the Roman Governor, submitted to his judgment, confessed that Pilate’s authority had been given him from above (John 19:11).  He submitted to the soldiers, bore their insults, their mockery, their torture, as they carried out His execution, crucifixion between two thieves.  And this He did, even as He rendered unto God the things that are God’s: Himself, all that He was, and all that He had, right down to the very last drop of His sacred blood.  He never sinned.  He perfectly fulfilled God’s Law.  He loved God with all of His heart, soul, mind, and strength.  And He perfectly loved His neighbor, loved you, giving Himself up for you, for your redemption and the forgiveness of your sins. 
            Therefore God, His heavenly Father, raised Him from the dead.  And now, incredibly, incomprehensibly, this Jesus, the Son of God, your Savior, renders unto you the things that are God’s.  He renders unto you forgiveness, eternal life, and salvation, His love, His care, His protection, His divine help, His Holy Spirit, His divine Sonship, the inheritance of the Kingdom of God, heaven, the resurrection, and all things.  He renders unto you His Body given for you, His Blood shed for you, His Words spoken for you, His intercession before the Father for you.  Mystery of mysteries, He renders unto you what He does not owe you, to you who owe Him everything.  He renders unto you, that He might render you to the Father.  “Of those whom you gave me I have lost not one,” He says to His Father (John 18:9).  He renders to God all that you are and all that you have.  He renders you wholly and completely.  He renders everything.  He renders you as God’s own Child, and as one who can pray with Him, as He has taught you, “Our Father who art in heaven.” 
            Now you are a citizen of God’s Kingdom.  And this frees you to render unto Caesar, to live in this world for the sake of the world.  Earthly governments will never be perfect and most earthly rulers won’t even be Christians.  America will never be the Kingdom of God on earth, nor will Israel, or any other nation.  In fact, many earthly governments and rulers will be patently evil.  They will persecute Christians.  They will rule tyrannically.  They will kill the unborn and the elderly.  They will commit genocide.  They will make marriage meaningless.  They will be cruel taskmasters.  But behind them, and in spite of them, and contrary to their wicked designs, God will be ordering and preserving the world through them for the sake of His Christians, for you, and for those to be added to God’s Kingdom by coming to faith in Christ.  So in spite of it all, do what Jesus and St. Paul tell you to do.  Pay your taxes.  Obey your leaders (but give your first obedience to God).  Honor them.  Serve them.  Love them.  Pray for them.  But remember they and you belong to God.  The earthly authorities may rule a town, a state, or a country, but God rules everything.  And He loves you.  He will prevail in the end.  You will be saved, and justice and righteousness will triumph in that Day.  You’ll see.  “Wait for the LORD; be strong, and let your heart take courage; wait for the LORD!” (Ps. 27:14).  In the Name of the Father, and of the Son (+), and of the Holy Spirit.  Amen.         



[1] Luther’s Small Catechism (St. Louis: Concordia, 1986).

Sunday, October 05, 2014

Seventeenth Sunday after Pentecost

Seventeenth Sunday after Pentecost (A—Proper 22)

October 5, 2014
Text: Is. 5:1-7; Matt. 21:33-46

            By grace God chose Israel to be His own special people, His chosen race from whom He would provide salvation for the whole world, His royal priesthood, His holy nation, His precious possession (cf. 1 Peter 2:9).  He brought them out of slavery in Egypt, through the Red Sea as on dry ground.  He was with them in their wilderness wanderings, with them in the pillar of cloud by day and the pillar of fire by night, establishing His Covenant with them, feeding them with manna and quail, giving them to drink from the rock.  He brought them into the Promised Land, the land of Canaan, a land flowing with milk and honey, where every man could enjoy his own vine and fig tree.  He was with their armies.  He drove out the nations before them.  He won the victory for them with His own mighty hand.  He established them in the land.  He blessed them.  He protected them.  He delivered them.  And all of this, not because Israel was holier than the other nations in and of herself; not because she was greater, stronger, more numerous; certainly not because she was more faithful.  God chose her by grace.  He chose her to be His Church.  He chose her to be His Vineyard.  In our Old Testament reading (Is. 5:1-7), He describes what He had done for His Vineyard.  He dug it and cleared it of stones and planted choice vines.  He built a watchtower in its midst, and hewed a wine vat in it.  And what would a Vineyard Owner expect from such a Vineyard which He has so carefully and lovingly established?  He would expect fruit.  He would expect good grapes.  But what happens in this Vineyard is that the Vineyard itself rebels.  It rejects the love and the providence of the Owner.  It rejects the Vineyard Owner’s claim over its fruit.  Israel rejects God.  She rejects God in her idolatry, her running after other gods, worshiping them, trusting in them.  She rejects God by her wild grapes of injustice, bloodshed, wickedness, and oppression.  She rejects God by exploiting the poor, the widow, the fatherless, and the stranger in her midst.  She will not yield the grapes of justice and righteousness.  She will go her own way, do her own thing, do what is good in her own eyes irrespective of the Word of the LORD.
            So what is God to do?  He sends the prophets.  He sends preachers.  Some they beat and send away, like Jeremiah, whom they threw into a well, then into the dungeon, then exiled to Egypt.  Some they kill, like Isaiah, whom they sawed in two, or Zechariah the son of Barachiah whom they murdered between the sanctuary and the altar (Matt. 23:35).  And so all-encompassing is their rejection of the prophets, and really, of the Word of the LORD, they actually convince themselves they are doing God a favor by executing the prophets.  Stoning is the divinely prescribed punishment for a false prophet according to the Law of Moses (Deut. 13).  By stoning a preacher, they are declaring him to be a false prophet.  They tried to stone Jesus (John 10:31).  They stoned Stephen to death (Acts 7:58-60).  They stoned Paul, who miraculously revived (Acts 14:19-20).  But in each case, the stoning was not only a rejection of the preacher, but of the Word of the LORD.  It was a rejection of the Vineyard Owner.  It was a rejection of God.  And so our Lord cries out: “O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, the city that kills the prophets and stones those who are sent to it! How often would I have gathered your children together as a hen gathers her brood under her wings, and you were not willing!” (Matt. 23:37; ESV).
            One would expect God to do to His Vineyard as He says in our Old Testament, to remove its hedge so that it is devoured, to break down its wall so that it is trampled down, to make it a waste, to give it over to the weeds, and to make it a dry wasteland (Is. 5:5-6).  One would expect God to do to the tenants of the Vineyard (the Chief Priests and Pharisees and Jewish leaders) what they themselves tell Jesus the Vineyard Owner should do: “put those wretches to a miserable death and let out the vineyard to other tenants who will give him the fruits in their seasons” (Matt. 21:41).  But what does He do?  He sends His Son.  For He says, “They will respect my son” (v. 37).  Now, God cannot be deceived.  He does not send His Son in ignorance.  He knows what will happen.  And the great mystery of it all is that this is precisely His plan for the rescue of His Vineyard.  He sends His Son, and when the tenants, the Chief Priests and Pharisees, the spiritual leaders of Israel, see Him, they say to themselves, “Come, let us kill him and have his inheritance” (v. 38).  It will not do to have Him displace us in terms of power and influence.  And it will not do to have the Roman government perceive Him as a threat and take away our place and our nation.  The inheritance is ours.  He must die.  And so they take Him and bind Him and set Him before Pontius Pilate.  They betray Him.  They slander Him.  They bear false witness against Him.  And they cast Him outside of the City, outside of the Vineyard, where they kill Him, crucified between two thieves, pierced, bloodied, mocked, rejected.  And they think they have won. 
            But this is what God has done to save the Vineyard.  He laid waste the Vineyard in the Body of His Son.  He sent His Son to tread the winepress alone (Is. 63:3).  He sent His Son to drink the cup of God’s wrath down to its very dregs (Is. 51:17).  He sent His Son for the very men who killed Him, for the wicked tenants, the Chief Priests and Pharisees, for Pontius Pilate and the Roman soldiers, and for you, who have rejected Him in your own idolatry, who have pierced Him by your own transgressions.  He did this to rescue you.  To save you.  To make you His own.  That here in the Vineyard of His Church, you may bear fruit in keeping with repentance; the fruit of justice and righteousness, the fruit of faith, hope, and love. 
            The stone that the builders rejected, Christ Jesus, has become the cornerstone, for He is risen from the dead.  This is the Lord’s doing, and it is marvelous in our eyes (Matt. 21:42).  And now every person finds his death in this Stone.  You either find your death in His death, falling upon Him to be broken to pieces in your Baptism, and so find your life in His resurrection, or, in the Judgment, on the Last Day, He will fall on you and crush you (v. 44).  That is the warning.  Die in Him now, and so live, or live now, and be crushed in the end.  Reject Him and live for yourself, and He will reject you.  So the Kingdom has been taken from Israel and been bestowed, by grace, upon the Gentiles, that all who believe in His Name, whether Jew or Gentile, be the New Israel of God, the holy Church.  The Christian Church is now the Vineyard.  By grace you have been grafted in.  Christ is the Vine.  You are the branches.  If you remain in Him, and He in you, you will bear much fruit.  But apart from Him, you can do nothing (John 15:5).  So be warned.  You cannot separate yourself from Christ and survive. 

            But in Him, connected to Him by the life-giving sap of His Word and Sacraments, you live and you bear fruit.  You believe the Scriptures.  You believe the preaching.  Your sins are forgiven.  The Body and Blood of the Lord cleanses you and sanctifies you and makes you strong.  The pruning of the Lord, the sufferings you endure according to His will, these make you even more fruitful.  God has chosen you, by grace, to be His own special people, His chosen race, His royal priesthood, His precious possession.  He has purchased you, His Vineyard, with the precious blood of Jesus Christ, the Son of God.  He sent the prophets.  He sent the apostles.  He sent His Son.  And He continues to send preachers to declare it to you: Repent and believe the Gospel.  Jesus Christ has come to give you the inheritance.  In the Name of the Father, and of the Son (+), and of the Holy Spirit.  Amen.           

Sunday, September 28, 2014

Sixteenth Sunday after Pentecost

Sixteenth Sunday after Pentecost (A—Proper 21)

September 28, 2014
Text: Matthew 21:23-32

            The question is one of authority.  Who authorized Jesus to do and speak as He did?  Who authorized Him to enter Jerusalem to the shouts of “Hosanna to the Son of David!  Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord!  Hosanna in the highest!” (Matt. 21:10; ESV)?  Who authorized Him to cleanse the Temple, driving out the merchants and the money changers, and calling the sacred precincts, “My House” (v. 13; emphasis added)?  These are the events just prior to our text.  Who authorized Jesus to criticize and rebuke the Pharisees and Scribes, the Chief Priests and the Elders of the people?  Just who does this Jesus think He is, anyway?  And it is an incredibly important question, that of authority.  Because it makes all the difference between whether Jesus is, in fact, the Messiah, the Christ, the Savior… or a self-appointed, delusional (or fraudulent) maniac.  “By what authority are you doing these things, and who gave you this authority?” (v. 23).  Jesus answers the Chief Priests and Elders with a similar question.  “The baptism of John, from where did it come?  From heaven or from man?” (v. 25).  What authority did John have to preach and to baptize, to call the people to repentance, hear their confession of sin, and baptize them for forgiveness?  Was John’s ministry from God, or from man?  For if John’s ministry is from man, he is a counterfeit prophet.  But if John’s ministry is from God, then you must believe him, including and especially his testimony about Jesus, that He is the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world (John 1:29).  So the answer to both questions is one and the same.  Jesus’ authority to do and speak as He does is the same as that of John.  And despite the Jews’ inability to answer the question, the conclusion is inescapable.  The authority is that of the living God, who made heaven and earth.
            The question of authority is as important to you as it was to them.  Because you follow the authority you believe to be legitimate.  Unbelievers don’t think Jesus has divine authority.  They believe His authority if from man.  So they don’t follow Him.  You Christians believe Jesus’ authority is from the Father in heaven, and from His own nature and essence as God in human flesh.  So you believe His Word and you trust Him for the forgiveness of sins, salvation, daily help and assistance, and provision for your every need of body and soul.  You trust Him because you believe He has authority to deliver these things.  And so also you believe that He exercises authority in His Church through the ministry of the Word.  So you believe the Absolution spoken by your pastor.  You believe what he teaches and preaches.  You believe what you hear from his mouth about water being a Baptism of rebirth and renewal, about bread and wine being Christ’s true Body and Blood.  You believe it, not because you believe in the man under the robes, but because you believe in the Christ who sent him.  You believe in the divine authority of the Words spoken in the stead and by the command of the Lord Jesus.  The question of authority is vital.  Because the forgiveness of your sins and your eternal salvation hand in the balance.  This is a matter of eternal life and death. 
            The problem comes when we let our own authority trump that of Jesus.  Of course, we have no real authority, but we think we do.  And we think others do.  We are so puffed up by our own perceived authority, power, prestige.  We believe we are the judges of good and evil.  We say things like, “I just can’t believe in a God who would…” do this, that, or the other thing we disagree with or that doesn’t fit our definition of love.  And so we make the same mistake Adam and Eve made in the Garden.  You can just hear Eve saying to herself, “I just can’t believe in a God who would withhold from us fruit that is so pleasing to the eye, good for food, and able to make one wise.”  And Adam saying, “I just can’t believe in a God who wouldn’t want me to make my wife happy by eating this food she has set before me.  After all, it’s just a little bite, and how can God be so judgmental when my wife and I are acting out of love for one another?”
            The reality is, though, Adam and Eve had no authority to take and eat.  And the serpent had no authority to speak to them.  And the authority Adam and Eve thought they possessed, was, in reality, slavery to demonic deception.  Just as our own perceived authority is, in reality, that same slavery to deception.  In other words, there is nothing autonomous, self-determining, about this.  It’s all an illusion, a deception from the evil one.  The reality is, too, that our perceived authority is beholden to the unbelieving world.  We pander to the wise of this world, the elite, the influential powers, the culture, and we shape our opinions accordingly.  We trust in the media.  We worship our entertainers, even calling them idols.  We believe our politicians can save us from ruin, disaster, and death.  Because we trust their authority above that of Jesus!  And most of all, we trust ourselves.  Why is the authority of Jesus and His Word such a threat to us?  Because it threatens our idols, and chiefly the idol of self.  If Jesus has authority over me, I can no longer live for myself, for my own pleasure, power, and wealth.  If Jesus is my King, He rules over me by His Word, and my every thought must be taken captive to Him.  If Jesus is my Judge, I must confess I have no righteousness of my own, but only sin, rebellion, and death.  If Jesus is my Savior, I must give up all thoughts of saving myself.  I must admit that I have been deceived, that I am in slavery to the devil.  I must admit that it takes the blood and death of God to free me from my chains.  If Jesus has the authority, I do not.  And if Jesus has the authority, I must die.  I must daily die in repentance and confession of my sins.  I must daily emerge and arise from the waters of my Baptism to live before God in the newness of life that is the life of Christ, under His authority, in His Kingdom, with His righteousness, innocence, and blessedness as my own.
            The incredible reality is that this Jesus, God in human flesh, the eternal Son of the Father, through whom all things were made and by whose Word of power all things are held together… this One who has authority over all things in heaven and on earth, submitted Himself to us, for us and for our salvation.  He submitted Himself to the Chief Priests and the Elders of the people, submitted Himself to Pontius Pilate and the Roman Government, to the soldiers, the whips, the nails, and the wood.  He who is without sin submitted Himself to our sin, bearing its burden.  He who is the Life submitted Himself to our death.  He who is the beloved of the Father submitted Himself to the Father’s wrath.  For us.  For you.  For me.  To bring our sin to justice.  To cancel our debt to God.  To render the full payment for our sin by His Blood.
            But in submitting to this authority, He takes the authority captive.  He seizes the authority of death by dying.  He snatches away the authority of sin by drowning it in the water and blood flowing from His pierced side.  He crushes the authority and the very head of the serpent by taking the serpent’s venom into Himself.  All of that false authority is at an end in Christ.  He has taken the authority for Himself.  He is risen from the dead.  And He leads a host of captives in His train.  The tax collectors and prostitutes go marching into the Kingdom of God (Matt. 21:31).  For they believe the preaching of John.  They repent.  They recognize the authority of the preaching.  They believe the authority of Christ who forgives their sins and calls them out of captivity to new life in Himself.  And so you.  You hear the preaching of repentance.  You believe it has divine authority.  So you repent.  You repent of your idolatry.  You repent of your self-determination.  You repent of following after every false authority.  You confess your sins.  And now you listen only for the voice of Jesus.  You take every thought captive to Him.  For His is the voice of forgiveness.  His is the voice of salvation.  His is the voice of life. 
            All authority in heaven and on earth has been given by God to our Lord Jesus (Matt. 28:18-20).  It is on that authority that Jesus commands His Church to make disciples of all nations by baptizing and teaching.  We are gathered by His authority into one holy Christian and apostolic Church.  And He is with us always to the very end of the age.  The question of authority has been answered decisively in the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead.  He is the Word of the Father.  And with all the authority of Almighty God, He bespeaks you righteous.  In the Name of the Father, and of the Son (+), and of the Holy Spirit.  Amen.      


Sunday, September 21, 2014

Fifteenth Sunday after Pentecost

Fifteenth Sunday after Pentecost (A—Proper 20)

September 21, 2014
Text: Matt. 20:1-16

            If the Master of the House were paying wages earned by his workers, his method would be madness.  Everybody knows you don’t pay someone who has worked only one hour the same amount as the guy who has worked twelve!  And the guys who were hired first, well, they bore the burden of the day and the scorching heat (Matt. 20:12).  It’s not fair!  The guys hired last worked only one hour, in the cool of the day, and the Master pays them as if they had worked the whole time!  You can’t run a business this way.  It’s lunacy.  And yet, this is how God does things.  This is how it works in God’s economy.  His thoughts are not our thoughts, and His ways are not our ways (Is. 55:8).  In God’s economy, you are not paid what you deserve.  And thank God for that!  For what you deserve is condemnation, and death, and hell.  In God’s economy, you are paid by grace.  You are given what you do not deserve.  You are given what Christ deserves.  You are given what He has earned by His work on your behalf.  You are given eternal life and salvation, heaven, and the sure and certain hope of the resurrection of your body on the Last Day.  This apart from your works.  It is all by grace.
            I suspect we will be surprised at who we find in heaven.  Jesus said to the chief priests and elders of the Jews that tax collectors and prostitutes go into the Kingdom of God before they do; for when John preached repentance, the tax collectors and prostitutes believed him.  But the religious authorities would not change their minds (Matt. 21:31-32).  They would not repent.  On this Feast Day of St. Matthew, we remember the tax collector sitting at the tax booth to whom Jesus called, “Follow me” (9:9; ESV).  And he did.  He became Jesus’ disciple, one of the Twelve, and eventually the writer of our Gospel.  And he gave a great feast for Jesus, at which the Savior sat down to eat with notorious tax collectors and sinners, to the utter offense and dismay of the Pharisees (vv. 10-11).  Why are they so upset?  The same reason the workers hired first were upset in our parable.  Those people don’t deserve Jesus’ goodness and mercy!  How could He eat with them?  How could He fellowship with them?  How could Jesus give the same reward to those people that He gives to us?  We deserve more.  We have behaved better.  We are the good Christians.  They are the dregs of society.  We live morally upstanding lives.  They represent everything that is wrong with society.  Jesus should reward us.  Jesus should punish them
            Repent.  As our Lord here reminds us, “Those who are well have no need of a physician, but those who are sick… I came not to call the righteous, but sinners” (vv. 12-13).  If you compare yourself with others, judge yourself righteous by exposing the sin of others, believe you’ve earned your denarius, but the most the other guy is entitled to is a few measly pennies, then you’re a Pharisee.  Jesus can’t give you the healing medicine of the Gospel if you don’t know you’re sick.  He cannot raise you if you refuse to admit you’re dead.  If you want what you’ve earned, Jesus will give it to you, but woe to you.  Because all you’ve earned is eternity in Gehenna.  The Master tells the worker who complains to take what belongs to him and go (20:14).  No more chilling words could be spoken.  He is telling him to go ahead and depart.  Go ahead and remove himself from the Master’s generosity.  Go ahead and remove himself from the Master’s fellowship.  When the Master is God, such self-removal means condemnation.  It means hell.
            But the glorious good news here is that the Master wants you to be in His fellowship.  He wants to pour out His generosity upon you.  He wants you to belong to Him.  The reality is, you are just as unlikely a citizen of God’s Kingdom as the tax collectors and prostitutes.  If you don’t believe me, just examine yourself.  Your very self-righteousness exposes you for the sinner that you are.  But you also are covered by God’s grace in Christ.  You may have been hired with the first group at dawn.  You may have been baptized as an infant.  You may have grown up in the Church, faithfully attended Sunday School, been catechized, confirmed, and married in the Church, but the very same grace of God in Christ covers you that covers those hired in the third, the sixth, the ninth, and even in the eleventh hour.  The same grace covers you that covers those who come to faith on their death bed, the thief on the cross, the prostitute, the drug dealer, the murderer, and the petty thief who hear the preaching of repentance and Christ crucified for sinners, and believe it, and are saved. 
            Grace is not earned.  Grace cannot be merited, neither in your case nor in theirs.  Not by the first or the last.  Not by the greatest or the least.  The Master in the parable is gracious, and His grace is demonstrated by His own taking the initiative, going to those who had no job, no place, no purpose, no means of helping themselves or providing for themselves, and graciously inviting them to come and work for Him.  He gives them a place in His Home, at His Table, and a purpose in life, work to do in His Vineyard.  And on top of all that, He pays them for it!  He generously and freely gives, and then He pays those who simply receive His generosity and gifts.  That’s God’s economy!  And the payment is Christ Himself.  Luther says that the promised coin is God’s “Son, Jesus Christ, forgiveness of sins, redemption from death and every affliction.  In addition, He gives us His Holy Spirit and finally eternal life.”[1]
            So this is what God does for you.  There you are, standing alone, without any god to love you, to care for you, to save you.  And He comes to you.  He takes the initiative.  You do not go to Him.  He comes to you.  He seeks you.  He chooses you.  And He takes you to Himself.  He grabs you up by His Word, by His gracious invitation, by His Promise that He will provide for you, body and soul.  And He brings you into His Vineyard, His House, His Church.  He gives you a place here in His family, with His sons and daughters.  He cleans you up, washes away your filth, your sin.  And He sets a place for you at the Table.  All of this He does for you before you’ve done anything.  But He also gives you purpose.  He gives you work to do.  There are brothers and sisters to care for in the household.  There are fellow workers in the Vineyard to be loved and tended.  You don’t do this for pay.  You do this because that is what the members of this House do for each other.  And yet, the Lord does pay you.  Not for service rendered, but because that’s who He is.  He is generous.  He is good.  He provides.  He loves to pour out His gifts upon you.  And He loves to pour out His gifts upon your neighbor, whoever he is, whenever he’s come to the Vineyard, whatever the circumstance. 
            Your response is not to begrudge your Master’s generosity.  Your response is simply to rejoice.  To rejoice in the Lord Jesus’ embrace of the cross for you and for your salvation.  To rejoice in His triumphant resurrection from the dead.  To rejoice in your Baptism into Christ and the new life that flows in you, the very life of the risen Christ.  To rejoice in the Holy Spirit who daily and richly forgives your sins and gives eternal life to you and all believers in Christ.  To rejoice in God’s grace toward your neighbor, in your neighbor’s welfare, in your neighbor’s reception of God’s gifts.  To take your place here in the Lord’s House, at His Table, with your brothers and sisters.  And then to go out and work in the Vineyard, not to earn your denarius, but simply to give thanks and to love and to serve.  And always, to trust in Christ’s Promise, His reward, His generosity to you. 
            The Master of the House, God, is not paying wages to those who have earned them.  He is bestowing gifts upon the undeserving.  He is bestowing gifts upon you.  And He does this in and through Christ, your Savior.  Thanks be to God.  In the Name of the Father, and of the Son (+), and of the Holy Spirit.  Amen.              



[1] “Matthew 20:1-16” in Luther’s Works Vol. 68: Sermons on Matthew Chapters 19-24 (St. Louis: Concordia 2014) pp. 71-72.

Sunday, September 14, 2014

Fourteenth Sunday after Pentecost

Fourteenth Sunday after Pentecost (A—Proper 19)

September 14, 2014
Text: Matt. 18:21-35

            It is pretty outrageous.  In fact, it’s downright infuriating.  Here this wicked servant has been forgiven all his debt, ten thousand talents, whether of gold or silver, an unimaginable amount that he could never pay off if he worked his whole life.  And he turns around and demands that his fellow-servant pay back what is, relatively speaking, a rather minor debt, a hundred denarii.  And when the fellow servant can’t pay, the first servant has him thrown into debtor’s prison.  Having been forgiven much, the servant failed to forgive even a little.  Now, the other servants were obviously disturbed.  They went and told the master everything.  “Then his master summoned him and said to him, ‘You wicked servant!  I forgave you all that debt because you pleaded with me.  And should you not have had mercy on your fellow servant, as I had mercy on you?’” (Matt. 18:32-33; ESV).  The moral of the story is clear.  Having been forgiven, you should forgive.  Having received mercy, you should have mercy on your neighbor.  And keep in mind what God has forgiven you.  He has forgiven you so much more than you’ll ever have to forgive your neighbor.  Like the ten thousand talents, roughly the wages for 60 million days of work, forgiven by the master as if there never was a debt.  Verses 100 denarii, roughly 100 days of work, significant, but not in comparison with the 60 million days.  Yet the wicked servant will not forgive this.  You see the absurdity and downright wickedness of it in the illustration.  And yet, is this not a picture of what you do when you fail to forgive your neighbor?  Here you’ve been forgiven all your sins: your rejection of God, your adulterous addiction to other gods (the people and things you fear, love, and trust above Father, Son, and Holy Spirit), the hatred you harbor toward your neighbor, your wandering eyes and your heart full of lust and covetousness, your loose tongue, not to mention every skeleton that you know would fall out of your closet if we opened the door to take a peek.  All the secrets you’ve hidden in the darkness.  God knows them all.  And He forgives you.  For all of it.  Because of Christ.  Because of His saving work for you.  But your neighbor said something mean.  Or disagreed with your politics.  Or betrayed a confidence.  Whatever it was, he hurt you.  And one thing is certain: You’ll never forgive him for it.
            Repent.  You are the wicked servant.  You’ve been forgiven a debt you could never possibly repay, not even with 60 million days of hard labor.  That’s the point.  It is impossible to pay for your own sins.  It took the death of God to pay for your sins.  It took the blood and death of Jesus on the cross.  And He willingly paid it.  He willingly suffered all of this for you.  You don’t deserve it.  You aren’t worthy of it.  But He did it anyway.  Because He loves you.  Because He’s just that good.  So now, on the basis of His forgiving your unimaginable debt, you are to forgiven your neighbor’s minor (and even not so minor) infractions.  And as bad as your neighbor’s sins against you may be (and there are some pretty horrendous sins we humans perpetrate against one another), recognize that they pale in comparison with your own sins against God.  Christ died for you.  Christ died for your neighbor.  Your sins are forgiven by God in Christ.  Your neighbor’s sins are forgiven by God in Christ.  God loves you.  God loves your neighbor.  If God forgives your neighbor, who are you to hold his sin against him?  If God loves your neighbor, who are you to despise him?  If God forgives even you, who are you to withhold forgiveness from another? 
            Now, what is forgiveness?  First of all, this is what it is not.  It is not a feeling in your heart.  Forgiving your neighbor doesn’t mean you feel all warm and fuzzy about him.  Of course, bitter feelings are sinful, and you should repent of them.  But forgiveness is not a feeling.  Forgiveness is a decision.  It is a decision not to hold your neighbor’s sin against him.  It is a decision to pray for your neighbor’s welfare, pray that God would bless him, pray that God would forgive him and give him faith in Christ.  And it is a decision not to seek the retribution your neighbor’s sin deserves.  On the other hand, forgiveness does not mean there aren’t temporal consequences for sin.  If, God forbid, I drive drunk and kill someone in an accident, that person’s family may forgive me, but I still have to go to jail.  If, God forbid, someone does something to harm your children, you may forgive them, but you won’t ask them to babysit.  And yet, in spite of those temporal consequences, you pray God would spare the offender the eternal consequences of his sin.  Nor is forgiveness an act, a good face.  It is not sweeping something under the rug where no one can see it, but secretly holding on to it so that it festers inside of you into anger and hatred.  If you need to forgive your neighbor, and especially if you are struggling with it, here is what you do: Every day you thank God for that person, and you pray that God would bless him.  It well may disgust you to do it.  That’s okay.  Repent of your disgust.  And then do it anyway.  Forgiveness is something you practice.  Jesus tells you to love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you (Matt. 5:44), do good to those who hate you and bless those who curse you (Luke 6:27-28).  That is what it means to live in forgiveness, God’s for you, and yours for your neighbor.   
            Forgiveness is to loose from the bondage of guilt.  It is to set your neighbor free.  It is to release him.  It is to untie him, let him go, send his sin away, like God did for the Israelites with the scapegoat.  The priest would lay his hands on the goat, confess the sins of the people over it, and then send it out into the wilderness.  The sins of the people were literally sent away.  This, of course, was a type of Christ.  This is what our Lord Jesus did for us, taking our sins upon Himself as the Scapegoat, bearing them out of the city, up the hill, onto the wood, lifted up before God as the Bearer of all our sins.  To forgive is to have mercy, as Joseph does for his brothers in our Old Testament (Gen. 50:15-21).  These brothers had thrown Joseph into a pit and ignored his cries for help as they sat down for lunch to consider what to do with him.  They thought about murdering him.  But instead, they sold him to Midianite slave traders, sold their own flesh and blood into Egyptian slavery.  Well, things worked out well in the end for Joseph, because God took care of him.  But they only worked out well after false accusations of rape and hard labor in prison.  Still, Joseph does the Christian thing.  He forgives his brothers.  He feeds them.  He provides for them.  He looses them from the chains of their guilt.  “‘As for you, you meant evil against me, but God meant it for good, to bring it about that many people should be kept alive, as they are today.  So do not fear; I will provide for you and your little ones.’  Thus he comforted them and spoke kindly to them” (Gen. 50:20-21). 
            Now, there is something in Joseph’s story that clues you in to why you can freely forgive your neighbor his trespasses against you.  You can do so because you know that promise that God will work all things, even evil perpetrated against you, for your good.  That is what St. Paul writes: “we know that for those who love God all things work together for good, for those who are called according to his purpose” (Rom. 8:28).  So even if your neighbor means evil against you, God means it for your good.  And He will take care of you.  He may not make you the ruler of a country, and you may not know how He has worked everything out for your good until you get to heaven, but you’ll see it then.  Then you’ll know.  That’s just what He does.  That’s the promise.
            But there is an even greater reason you can forgive.  You can forgive because Christ, who died for you, and who is risen from the dead for you, lives in you.  More importantly, you live in Him.  He gives you His resurrection life in your Baptism into Him, the life that He won.  And how did He win it?  By forgiving you.  By dying for your forgiveness.  That’s how He won it.  So with that life in you, you can forgive.  You can be merciful.  You can love those who have sinned against you.  Because even your lack of love and your inability to forgive has been covered in the blood of the Savior.  Don’t miss the order, here.  God doesn’t forgive you because you’ve first forgiven your neighbor.  You forgive your neighbor because God has first forgiven you.  The servant could have forgiven the debt of his neighbor because the master had first forgiven him.  You forgive because God has first forgiven you.  You forgive your neighbor for the sake of Christ who died to win that forgiveness.

            How often?  As many as seven times?  (Peter thinks he’s being rather generous, by the way, and by human standards, he is!)  Not seven times, but seventy times seven.  And even more.  Don’t keep track.  Because the beautiful Good News is that God doesn’t keep track of your sins.  He doesn’t put a limit on the forgiveness He extends to you.  Every time you sin, you are forgiven.  Every time you repent, you are absolved.  Every time.  No exceptions.  Not because you deserve it.  Not because your repentance is “really sincere.”  Not because you’ve proven yourself worthy of a second, third, or four billionth chance.  Because of Christ.  Always and only because of Christ.  In fact, let’s put it this way.  Whatever your neighbor has done to you, charge it all to Christ’s account.  That’s what God has done.  That’s what He does for you.  Jesus has paid for it all, all of your neighbor’s sins against you, all of your sins against your neighbor, paid for it all right there on the cross.  So it is done.  You are forgiven.  Your neighbor is forgiven.  You are both loosed.  You are free.  As our Lord said from the cross about your sin and your neighbor’s: “It is finished” (John 19:30).  In the Name of the Father, and of the Son (+), and of the Holy Spirit.  Amen.     

Sunday, September 07, 2014

Thirteenth Sunday after Pentecost

Thirteenth Sunday after Pentecost (A—Proper 18)

September 7, 2014
Text: Matt. 18:1-20

            This morning our Lord Jesus teaches us about faith toward God and love toward one another.  Or, we might say, He teaches us about faith and the fruits of faith, for though we are saved by faith alone, faith is never alone.  Faith always produces the fruits of love, of repentance for our own sins and forgiveness for the brother or sister who sins against us.  As we pray in the Lord’s Prayer (the prayer of faith!): “Forgive us our trespasses as we forgive those who trespass against us.”  This is also a prayer in which we call upon God as “Our Father.”  Because that is the posture of faith, that of a child to his Father.  So what does Jesus say?  “(U)nless you turn [repent!]  and become like children, you will never enter the kingdom of heaven” (Matt. 18:3; ESV).  That means you’ve gotta stop trying to be adults!  Repent of trying to be in charge of your own faith and Christian life.  Repent of your failed attempts to determine what is right and what is wrong for yourself.  And repent of your failed attempts to judge yourself righteous over against your neighbor whom you have judged to be wicked.  Repent of your endless quest to justify yourself.  Repent of your ceaseless striving to save yourself.  Recognize yourself for who you are:  A mere child! Helpless!  Trapped!  Trapped in a mess of your own making, that of sin and death and condemnation.  But then remember that you are not an orphan.  Your Father has claimed you for Himself by the blood of Christ.  You are God’s child.  He helps you.  He saves you.  He declares you righteous, not because of anything you have done, and certainly not because you’re better than your neighbor, but because of Christ, His righteous Son.  God is the Judge, not you.  He determines what is right and what is wrong for you, because He knows what is good, and desires that good for you.  And so also, He is the Judge of your neighbor, not you.  Just as He has pronounced you righteous in Christ, so also has He pronounced your neighbor righteous in Christ.  And His verdict trumps yours.  So turn.  Repent.  Believe what God says.  Trust Him to save you.  Trust Him to provide what is good.  Receive His gifts freely given without any merit or worthiness on your part.  Be a child before your Father in heaven.
            That is what we all are: Children of God.  God has made us so in our Baptism into Christ.  Jesus purchased us with His own blood and death for this very purpose.  And so now our Lord teaches us what we are to do for one another as brothers and sisters in Christ, to help each other through our sojourning in the wilderness of this fallen world.  We are to receive each other.  “Whoever receives one such child in my name receives me” (v. 5).  That is, we are to love one another, care for one another, provide for one another’s needs, encourage each other, console each other, admonish one another, and most especially we are to speak Christ to one another.  In other words, we are to edify one another with the Gospel.  And we are to bring each other, especially our children and family members, to Christ’s Church.  Woe to us if we cause a fellow Christian to sin, to stumble, to fall from faith in Christ.  It would be better to have a great millstone hung around our neck and be drowned in the depths of the sea than to cause one of these little ones who believe in Jesus, a fellow brother or sister in Christ, to sin (v. 6).  Temptations will come.  That’s just life in this fallen world, a world full of sin and unbelief.  But woe to the one through whom it comes (v. 7)!  Beloved, let it not come from you.  Though you are not the Judge, you are to watch over your brothers and sisters and yourself, that you not fall away from Christ through some temptation of the flesh.  Watch over the members of your body: Your hands, your feet, your eyes.  Let them not lead you into transgression.  When they do, cut them off.  Well, don’t literally mutilate yourself.  But die to yourself.  Crucify the flesh.  Deny yourself the sinful pleasure.  Turn from it.  Repent!  And then ask God not only to sanctify your hands, your feet, your eyes, but your mind and your heart.  Ask Him to transform your mind and your heart into the mind and heart of Christ.  And plead the same thing for your neighbor.  And know that that is precisely what God does for you in your Baptism, and in His Word and Supper, as He gives you Christ to wash away your sins of hand, foot, eye, mind, and heart; as He bespeaks you righteous and fills you with His living Word and Spirit; and then feeds you the risen and living Body and Blood of Jesus so that His new life is in you. 
            It is vital, though, in your dealings with your brothers and sisters, that you also recognize your own sin and weakness, your own need for Christ to transform your heart and mind.  Otherwise you will despise one of these little ones, your fellow Christian, which Christ warns you not to do (v. 10).  Yes, your neighbor is weak.  Yes, your brother is a sinner.  Sure, your sister is a gossip.  Indeed, your brother is full of anger and lust.  So are you.  Repent.  And then be patient with your fellow Christians.  God certainly is.  So patient with them that He continues to look upon them through the lens of Jesus’ Blood and righteousness.  So patient with them that He continues to care for them by the ministrations of the holy angels who simultaneously see the face of our Father in heaven.  So patient is He, that when your neighbor strays, He does not do what you think He should do.  He does not abandon your neighbor to the wolves and the robbers and the perils of the wilderness.  He does not give them what they deserve.  He goes after them.  He always goes after His lost sheep.  He leaves the ninety-nine on the mountain to go and find the single stray, the sinner who has fallen to temptation, the sinner who has been wounded by unbelief, the sinner who perhaps even has sinned against you, but who has sinned against God infinitely more and worse.  Still, God forgives.  Jesus forgives.  Jesus died for your neighbor.  Jesus, our Good Shepherd, goes after His sheep and brings it home.  And He and the angels rejoice (v. 13), for “it is not the will of my Father who is in heaven that one of these little ones should perish” (v. 14). 
            What God has done for your neighbor, He has done for you.  You are the sheep that has gone astray.  You wandered off on your own path, thinking you could take care of yourself, thinking there were greener pastures that the Lord was withholding from you.  You forgot your utter dependence on God.  You forgot you were His helpless child.  But He finds you.  He always finds you.  He who did not spare His own Son, but gave Him up into death for you, how could He possibly let you go without seeking you out and bringing you back to the fold?  That is grace!  You don’t deserve it.  But Jesus deserves it.  And His deserving counts for you.  That is what He wants for you.  And that is the will of His Father in heaven. 
            And so now God would use you whom He has made His own, not to judge and condemn your neighbor in his sin, but to win him out of it and be Christ’s hands in bringing him back to God.  This is such an important teaching for the Church, what our Lord here tells us about dealing with our neighbor who has sinned.  “If your brother sins against you, go and tell him his fault, between you and him alone” (v. 15).  You don’t trumpet it in the streets.  You don’t go and tell your friends the latest juicy details.  You don’t “just have to vent,” “confidentially, of course,” about your neighbor’s sins and weaknesses.  And you don’t hold it all in and let it boil up in anger and hatred in your heart.  If a brother or sister in Christ sins against you, or if you know about a sin they have committed, you go directly to that person.  Show them the error.  Work it out.  Do it gently, respectfully, in love, in humility, recognizing that the whole thing begins with your own self-examination and repentance, removing the log from your own eye so that you can see clearly to remove the speck out of your neighbor’s (Matt. 7:1-5).  The goal of this, of course, is to win your brother or sister, to forgive them, to restore the relationship to yourself and to God, that the offender not perish in his sin.  Who knows?  He might repent!  That’s what we want!  It may be, of course, that he does not listen to you.  In that case, you are to take one or two others, trusted Christian brothers or sisters who have likewise examined themselves and confessed their sins.  Perhaps the pastor and the elders, or some other mature Christians.  The goal, again, is repentance, restoration, and forgiveness.  That is what God has called us to do for one another.  If, even then, the brother will not listen, will not repent, then you tell it to the Church.  And the Church begs the brother to repent.  But if he will not listen to the Church, Jesus says, you are to “let him be to you as a Gentile or a tax collector,” an unbeliever (Matt. 18:17).  Not that you are to shun him or abuse him.  Not at all.  How is the Church to treat an unbeliever?  As the object of her mission.  As one to whom she is to proclaim Jesus and His forgiveness.  To be sure, the brother in this case can no longer be considered a member of the congregation.  He can no longer commune.  By his refusal to repent, he has removed himself from the fellowship of the Christian Church.  But notice that the excommunication of which Jesus speaks is done always in love, never in anger, never out of spite or revenge, always with the one goal of our brother’s repentance and restoration, always to win him back to Christ.

            And if he repents, you forgive him.  You forgive him immediately and unconditionally in the Name of Christ.  At whatever point in the process your brother recognizes his sin and repents, you forgive and you rejoice.  No matter what he’s done to you or said to you.  No matter how hurt you were.  That’s what you do.  Forgiveness is a fruit of faith.  It hurts, because you have to die to yourself.  But you can do it, and you should do it.  Because that’s what Jesus has done for you!  He died for you!  He died for your neighbor!  Forgiveness requires death, and Jesus fulfilled the obligation. Jesus paid the price in full.  For you.  For your neighbor.  For all sins.  For all sinners.  The handwriting against us has been wiped away in the blood of Jesus Christ.  And what God has declared forgiven, you don’t get to bind to your neighbor’s charge.  But more on that next week.  In the meantime, rejoice!  For God has freely forgiven all your sins, even your failures with regard to your neighbor, the stumbling blocks you’ve placed before him, your failure to call him to repentance, your grudges and your failure to forgive.  All of that, even that, is covered by the blood of Jesus Christ.  You are forgiven.  You are loosed.  You are free.  Like a child in the house of your Father who loves you.  And He gives you the very Kingdom of Heaven.  In the Name of the Father, and of the Son (+), and of the Holy Spirit.  Amen.          

Sunday, August 31, 2014

Twelfth Sunday after Pentecost

Twelfth Sunday after Pentecost (A—Proper 17)

August 31, 2014
Text: Matt. 16:21-28

            Your mind is a battle-ground in which God and the devil fight for possession.  St. Paul makes reference to this battle in our Epistle lesson from this past Sunday when he writes: “Do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewal of your mind” (Rom. 12:2; ESV).  That is to say, don’t surrender to Satan, who has the mind of this world transfixed by his demonic deception, but surrender to God, who transforms your mind from its spell-bound satanic hypnosis to the mind of Christ, that you may know the will of God, what is good, acceptable, and perfect.  Now, everyone of us is in need of such a transformation of our mind.  Because we’re born into the satanic deception, born into the worldly state of mind.  That is our natural state: minds captivated by the devil, the world, and our own sinful nature.  In Holy Baptism, however, our mind is transformed, the shape of it is changed, from this worldly state of mind, to the mind of Christ.  But because we are still in the flesh, and because we are still in the world, our mind must continually undergo this divine transformation.  It is not the case that it happened once, and now it’s done.  No, as with our Baptism, this transformation is an event that happened at a specific point in history, and that now continues to be our present and ongoing reality.  It is not simply that our minds were transformed into the mind of Christ, but our minds are continually being transformed into the mind of Christ.  And note the passive voice here.  You are not transforming your mind.  God is transforming your mind.  The Holy Spirit is transforming your mind into the mind of Christ as you hear and read and meditate upon Holy Scripture and preaching, and as you eat and drink the Body and Blood of the Savior, with whose mind the Holy Spirit desires to make you one. 
            St. Peter needed a transformation of his mind.  Fast on the heels of his confession that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of the living God, a truth revealed to him, not by flesh and blood, but by our heavenly Father (Matt. 16:16-17), now he is trying to dissuade Jesus from completing His saving mission.  He does not want Jesus to submit Himself to the cross and suffering.  “Far be it from you, Lord!  This shall never happen to you” (v. 22).  But Peter is not setting his mind on the things of God, but on the things of man (v. 23).  He has been caught once again by the Satanic deception.  He’s been duped!  He’s been deluded!  And Jesus calls it like it is: “Get behind me, Satan!” (v. 23).  Peter, you’re speaking for Satan, not God.  You have the mind of Satan, not God.  Your mind has been conformed to this world, Peter, and you need Jesus to transform your mind so that you see in the cross of Christ the very will of God.  The cross, Peter, is what is good and acceptable and perfect.  For Jesus’ suffering and death on the cross redeems your mind and your whole body and soul from Satan, indeed, the whole world from death and hell.
            Now, this is completely contrary to our fallen, fleshly minds, that God should redeem us by sending His Son into the flesh to die a gruesome, accursed death by Roman execution.  Surely God could do it another way, a more glorious way, a way befitting His majesty.  I mean, He’s God!  He could snap His fingers, or even just pronounce it so by a sheer act of His divine will.  And as for His enemies, they should be toast.  Like James and John, we think Jesus should call down fire from heaven to devour those wicked people.  Of course, we fail to recognize that the wicked people are us!  And so the battle between the fleshly mind and the mind of Christ.  We do not have in mind the things of God, but the things of men.  St. Paul says that the natural, unconverted person “does not accept the things of the Spirit of God, for they are folly to him, and he is not able to understand them because they are spiritually discerned” (1 Cor. 2:14).  We just can’t wrap our fallen minds around it.  We don’t think Jesus should go to the cross, either!  It gets Jesus’ hands too dirty, too bloody.  And when you get right down to it, it is offensive that it would take the death of God to save us.  Yes, we really are that bad.  There really is no other way, for if God is just, He must punish our sin.  He cannot ignore it, pretend it never happened, or leave it undealt with.  That would make Him unjust.  But God is love, and He loves His creation, loves us, in spite of our rejection of Him.  He wants to save us.  He wants us to be His own.  So what is He to do?  He sends His Son.  He sends Him to be our Substitute, to take our place, to receive the just punishment for our sins.  The cross is the intersection of God’s justice and His love.  There our sin is punished.  There we are redeemed.  There in the pierced flesh of Jesus Christ.  We can’t understand it by nature.  God must reveal it to us.  And to receive that revelation, to believe it and hold on to it for dear life, our mind must be transformed by the Holy Spirit.
            So that is what God does in Baptism and in His gifts in Word and Supper.  We actually believe this incomprehensible Gospel that Jesus died on the cross and rose again to forgive our sins and give us eternal life.  It’s a miracle, this faith.  Only God could accomplish such a thing.  But now the fight is really on.  Satan wants us back.  So he uses every weapon in his arsenal.  He shoots his fiery darts of temptation.  He entices us with the allurements of pleasure, power, and wealth.  He introduces doubt about God’s Word (“Did God really say?...), helps us justify in our minds the changing of God’s Word or the willful ignoring of it.  He uses the media and the entertainment industry, the trend setters and the powers that be in the world, and even our friends and family members, to catechize us into his deception.  He plays on our impressionable nature so that we imitate the world, and he uses the laziness of our sinful flesh so that we are anything but fervent in spirit, so that we leave ourselves vulnerable and open to his attacks.  And then, when we’ve fallen to temptation, when we’ve sinned, he changes tactics.  He accuses us, as is his nature.  He is THE accuser.  He lies.  He is the father of lies.  He tells us that we are unredeemable, that Jesus didn’t die for sinners like us, that what we’ve done is beyond the pale of forgiveness.  Beloved, he’s a liar!  Tell him to get behind you!  Tell him where he can go! 
            But know his tactics.  Recognize them for what they are.  Recognize that there is no neutral ground.  You will be catechized, taught, molded, shaped, either by the world, and ultimately the devil, or by the Holy Spirit.  You will either be conformed to this world, or be transformed by the renewal of your mind.  You will either have in mind the things of God, or the things of men.  You will either have the mind of Christ, taught by Him, or a deluded mind that is finally lost.  As they say, “you are what you eat.”  In this case, you are the voice you listen to.  There is the voice of Christ here in His Word.  Or there are all the other voices that are not Christ.  Christ has tuned you in to His voice in your Baptism, and He speaks to you in preaching and Scripture.  But the other voices are clamoring for your attention, and Jesus will not force you to stay here and listen to Him.  So be on your guard.  “Be sober-minded; be watchful. Your adversary the devil prowls around like a roaring lion, seeking someone to devour.  Resist him, firm in your faith, knowing that the same kinds of suffering are being experienced by your brotherhood throughout the world” (1 Peter 5:8-9).

            Resist him.  That is to say, take up your cross and follow Jesus.  Talk about contrary to our fallen nature.  Crucify your flesh.  Deny yourself.  Die to yourself.  Lose your life.  Repent!  Repent of your selfishness.  Repent of your idolatry.  Repent of listening to the devil, the world, and your own sinful nature.  It will hurt, this repentance.  Because it will be the death of you.  But that is how our Lord works.  He deals in death and resurrection.  For there to be resurrection, there must be death.  Your old Adam must die!  But whoever loses his life for Jesus’ sake will find it (Matt. 16:25).  That’s the promise.  If you stop listening to the world, I guarantee the world will hate you.  It will hate you, because it hates Jesus.  The world will mock you.  It may persecute you.  It may even kill you.  That is the cross you are called to bear.  But you can bear it, because you have been transformed by the renewal of your mind.  You have the mind of Christ.  So you know that as you bear the holy cross, Christ bears you.  He who was crucified and is risen from the dead, bears you in His pierced hands, and He will raise you up.  He will rescue you.  He will deliver you.  He will heal you with His eternal healing.  And you know, you who have the mind of Christ, that this light momentary affliction is preparing you for an eternal weight of glory beyond all comparison, as you look not to the things that are seen but to the things that are unseen.  For the things that are seen are transient, but the things that are unseen are eternal (2 Cor. 4:17-18).  The battle for your mind is won by Christ as He sustains you by His Spirit in your Baptism.  Beloved, listen to the voice of your Good Shepherd.  In Christ, you persevere.  In Christ, the risen Savior with the mortal wounds, your mind is given the things of God.  In Christ, you’ve found your life.  In the Name of the Father, and of the Son (+), and of the Holy Spirit.  Amen.    

Sunday, August 24, 2014

Eleventh Sunday after Pentecost

Eleventh Sunday after Pentecost (A—Proper 16)

August 24, 2014
Text: Matt. 16:13-20

            The holy Christian Church is an article of faith.  We confess in the Creed that we believe in one holy Christian and apostolic Church.  The articles of the Creed are all a confession of what we cannot see, but only know by faith, because our Lord says so by His Word.  And so the Church.  Sure, we can see the building and the people gathered together.  We see the appropriate furnishings with which we are surrounded, hear the organ and the distinctly “Church” music appropriate to this place.  It looks like the Church.  It feels like the Church.  It smells like the Church.  The Word is proclaimed and we sing it and speak it together in liturgy and hymn.  The Sacrament is on the altar.  We gather around the font.  But how do we know the Church is here?  We only know it because Jesus says so.  He says that wherever two or three are gathered together in His Name, there is He among them (Matt. 18:20), and so there is the Church.  He says that upon the rock of Peter’s confession, that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of the living God, He will build His Church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it (Matt. 16:16-18).  He says that where His Church is, the binding and loosing of sin will be going on; the binding of the sins of the unrepentant as long as they do not repent; the loosing, the forgiving, of the sins of those who repent of their sins and want to do better, who look to Christ alone for forgiveness of sins and strength for their Christian life.  Where that is going on, there is the Church, for the Lord has given the Church the keys of the kingdom of heaven (v. 19), the Office of the Keys as we call it in the Catechism.  And that is the whole purpose of the Church, the only reason we exist, that here, in the Church, Christ may gather us and open heaven to us by the distribution of His saving gifts. 
            So we know where the Church is by the visible marks: The Word, the Sacraments, Confession and Absolution, prayer, the mutual conversation and consolation of the brethren, suffering and the cross.  These marks are clear evidence that the Church is here.  But the Church itself we cannot see.  It is an article of faith.  It is invisible, because the Church is simply this: holy believers in Christ, sheep who hear the voice of their Good Shepherd, Jesus, and who know Him and follow Him (Cf. SA XII:2).  But you can’t see faith.  You can’t say for certain who believes and who doesn’t.  You can only go by what a person says, what a person confesses.  We know the Church is here because of the marks.  We know the Church is here because the people here confess the faith.  We confess the Creed.  We confess with St. Peter that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of the living God.  And Jesus says that on this rock, this confession, He will build His Church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. 
            But it sure looks like the gates of hell are prevailing against it.  We fight among ourselves over the silliest things, like who is responsible for what, how this or that should be done, and how to pay for it all… And we fight over thing that are not at all silly, like, for example, the authority of the Bible, creation and evolution, the real presence of Christ in the Sacrament… you name it, we can fight over it.  The Church appears to be shrinking.  We live in a culture that has come to mock Christ and His Church, that rejects what the Bible has to say about the social issues of the day, that denies that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of the living God, and that He is the only way to heaven.  So less people come to Church.  And by the way, Christians aren’t having as many babies as they used to, so I suppose we shouldn’t be all that surprised when older people outnumber younger people in the Church.  We suffer mockery and pressure to conform to the culture here at home.  And then we look at the sufferings of our brothers and sisters in other places in the world, and we cringe to realize that what is happening to them there could just as easily happen to us here: kidnappings and imprisonment, beatings and torture, crucifixions and beheadings and every other cruelty imaginable, all because of the Christian’s confession: Jesus is the Christ, the Son of the living God.
            So are You sure the gates of hell are not prevailing, Jesus?  The holy Christian Church is an article of faith, not sight.  That is to say, things are not as they appear.  We do fight amongst ourselves, much like the disciples fought over who was the greatest.  It shows our sin and unbelief.  Yet God graciously forgives our pettiness and lack of faith, and calls us nonetheless to be His own in Christ and to make our good confession with St. Peter.  Sure, the Church appears to be shrinking.  There are less people in the pews today than there were in the 1950s.  But you have to take the long view of history.  Of course we always want more to come hear about Jesus, but we don’t count the population of the Church by the number here on Sunday morning.  The Church grows with every Baptism, and the Church doesn’t shrink when one of us dies.  The dead in Christ live!  They’re still members of the Church.  Now they can never leave.  They’re in heaven, members of the Church triumphant.  And as for the suffering and persecution… that is actually a mark of the Church.  That is one of the ways that we know the Church exists, that Christ is present with His people and the Church is persevering.  For what did Jesus promise? “Then they will deliver you up to tribulation and put you to death, and you will be hated by all nations for my name's sake. And then many will fall away and betray one another and hate one another. And many false prophets will arise and lead many astray. And because lawlessness will be increased, the love of many will grow cold. But the one who endures to the end will be saved. And this gospel of the kingdom will be proclaimed throughout the whole world as a testimony to all nations, and then the end will come” (Matt. 24:9-14; ESV).  And so Jesus says to His disciples, to you, beloved: “Blessed are those who are persecuted for righteousness' sake, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Blessed are you when others revile you and persecute you and utter all kinds of evil against you falsely on my account. Rejoice and be glad, for your reward is great in heaven, for so they persecuted the prophets who were before you” (Matt. 5:10-12).  Where persecution is going on, there you know Jesus is, strengthening and keeping His saints by His Spirit.  And so there you know is the Church, because the people there confess Christ even to their death.  They endure to the end.  And Jesus saves them.  The gates of hell throw their worst at the Church.  But hell never prevails.  Because Jesus has defeated hell.  He has done so in His death and resurrection.
            And so you confess that this crucified and risen Savior, Jesus of Nazareth, is the Christ, Messiah, the Anointed One, the Son of the living God, the Savior.  And as with Peter, flesh and blood has not revealed this to you.  No, all flesh and blood can reveal is what the naked eye can see, and that doesn’t look good.  But our Father in heaven reveals to you that things are not as they appear.  He reveals that, in spite of all appearances to the contrary, our Lord Jesus has won the battle, snatched you out of hell, purchased you to be His own by His precious blood, defeated your death in His death, given you eternal life by the life-giving power of His resurrection.  And He has gathered you together here, as His Church, to loose you from your sin, to forgive you, to cover you with His blood, to teach you, to feed you, to make you His own, to strengthen you for perseverance.  Here the Father reveals Jesus to you as the Christ, His beloved Son, your Savior.  And He does this by His Spirit, working in the holy Word of God and the Sacraments, your Baptism into Christ, and the Lord’s Body and Blood in the Supper.  And you are blessed.  You are blessed to confess the holy faith of Christ.  You are blessed to persevere therein, come what may.  You are blessed to live as God’s own child.

            Now, someday you may be called upon, as St. Peter was, as St. Bartholomew was, whom we commemorate today, and as our brothers and sisters in the Middle East are now, to confess Jesus unto your death.  Peter was crucified upside down in Rome.  Bartholomew was skinned alive in Armenia.  Our brothers and sisters are shot and buried in the desert sand, crucified in the public square, or suffer the public display of their severed heads.  That they confess Christ anyway, in the face of such atrocities, is a miracle, a God-given gift.  Beloved, the same Lord Jesus Christ who feeds you here at this Altar, the same God and Father who declared you His own child in your Baptism, the same Holy Spirit who dwells in you by His life-giving Word, will give you the same gift of perseverance should that day come.  He will keep you in your confession, that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of the living God.  He will keep you in your Baptism.  And your persecutors will think they win as they snuff out your earthly life, for that is what flesh and blood has revealed to them.  But in that same moment, you will see for yourself what your Father has revealed to you, that the gates of hell can never prevail.  For you will see Jesus Christ, risen from the dead.  You will see the holy Church gathered around Him.  You will see that yours is the kingdom of heaven.  Blessed are you.  In the Name of the Father, and of the Son (+), and of the Holy Spirit.  Amen.      

Sunday, August 17, 2014

Tenth Sunday after Pentecost

Tenth Sunday after Pentecost (A—Proper 15)

August 17, 2014
Text: Matt. 15:21-28

            Jesus just ignores her.  He does not answer her a word (Matt. 15:23).  Just keeps on walking.  And she keeps begging.  “Have mercy on me, O Lord, Son of David” (v. 22; ESV).  Her daughter is severely oppressed by a demon.  If anyone can help, it is Jesus.  The woman must know something of Him.  Though she’s a Canaanite and not a Jew, she must have heard of Him, and she must know the Promise given to God’s people of the coming Messiah.  She calls Him “Son of David,” a messianic title.  In other words, she believes He’s the Savior.  And the Savior is in the business of crushing the serpent’s head (Gen. 3:15), casting out demons and conquering Satan.  So the woman cries to Him, pleads with Him, will not let Him go.  The disciples are getting annoyed.  “Lord, just help her out so she’ll leave us alone.”  I am not sure they are moved by compassion so much as the desire to be rid of her, escape her with a clean conscience.  But Jesus answers the disciples: “I was sent only to the lost sheep of the house of Israel” (Matt. 15:24).  Now, wait a second… Isn’t Jesus the Savior of all people?  Isn’t that the Promise we trace through the whole Old Testament, that He’ll be the Savior of the nations, that He’s for everybody?  Yes, of course.  That is the case now that His saving work has been fulfilled.  But in His earthly ministry, He was sent to preach and do miracles for the Israelites.  And, to be sure, it took guts for this Canaanite woman, a Syrophoenician, to address Jesus in the first place.  The Canaanites were the previous inhabitants of the Promised Land, the pagans, the antagonists of Israel.  There is some racial tension here, and Jesus highlights it in His answer.  He essentially tells her, “no!”  But she won’t let go.  If Jesus is the Messiah, He is here for her, and she is holding Him to it.  She throws herself in front of Him, stopping Him in His tracks.  Begging now on her knees, she prays simply and directly: “Lord, help me” (v. 25). 
            And that is your prayer, is it not?  In times of desperation?  In times of great distress, illness, or grief?  “Lord, help me.”  Sometimes there are no other words.  Now, sometimes the help is quick in coming.  Recovery.  Resolution.  Encouragement.  Comfort.  But sometimes the help seems not to come at all.  You’ve been there with the Canaanite woman, haven’t you?  And it’s not just racial tension between Jews and Gentiles that separate you from Jesus.  It is your sin.  You have separated yourself from God by your rejection of Him in your every sin.  So you know that you are not worthy for Jesus to hear you.  And often, He seems to ignore you.  It seems He does not answer you a word.  You beg Him, “Have mercy on me, O Lord, Son of David,” and He just keeps on walking.  He seems to reject you.  In the case of the Canaanite woman, He even calls her a dog: “It is not right to take the children’s bread and throw it to the dogs” (v. 26).  It is not right to take what belongs to the Jews and throw it to the pagan Gentiles.  In your case, he calls you what you are, a sinner.  It is not right to take what belongs to the righteous and throw it to sinners. 
            Ah, but just there He’s given you something to hold on to.  For Jesus came precisely to take what belongs to the righteous and give it to sinners.  Just as He came precisely to take what belongs to the Jews, namely, salvation in the Messiah, and give it to the whole world.  In calling the woman a dog, Jesus gives her a place in the house (Rev. Mark Love).  And she knows it.  She has caught Him in His Words, right where He desires to be caught.  “Yes, Lord, yet even the dogs eat the crumbs that fall from their masters’ table” (v. 27).  And so you.  In naming you a sinner, Jesus has given you your place in God’s house.  “Yes, Lord, yet you came precisely to save the sinner from His sin.  You came precisely to save me, to have mercy, to help me.”  You see, Jesus wants to be caught in His Word.  Hold Him to His Word!  Hold on to Him in His Word, and never let Him go.  That is faith.  And so, what does He say to the Canaanite?  “O woman, great is your faith!  Be it done for you as you desire” (v. 28).  And her daughter was healed from that hour.  The demon was cast out.  Satan was conquered.  The serpent felt the weight of Messiah on his head.
            Why does Jesus make the woman, make you, jump through so many hoops?  Why doesn’t He just deliver immediately when you ask?  We talked about that last week and we ultimately had to content ourselves with God’s answer to Job: “I’m God and you’re not, so just trust me that I know what I’m doing.”  In other words, we don’t know.  God hasn’t told us.  But we do know that in these situations Jesus, far from having abandoned you, is exercising your faith.  He wants you to hold Him to His Word.  He wants you to believe in spite of the evidence, because you have heard what He says in His Word.  He wants you to know your place in God’s house, as a sinner graciously given His salvation and His righteousness, without any merit or worthiness in yourself.  Jesus wants you to catch Him in His Word.
            So in those times when you are not immediately relieved of your suffering, when the sickness lingers, when the relationship ends, when the loved one dies, when you face your own death… It is then that Jesus wants you to catch Him in His Word.  He wants you to cling to His Promise.  Do you really think He is ignoring you, He who has purchased you to be His own by shedding His precious blood and dying for you on the cross?  Do you really think He refuses to answer to you a word, He who has given you the Holy Scriptures as the revelation of Himself in His grace and mercy?  Do you really think He has rejected you, He who has place God’s own holy Name on you in Baptism as we saw with little John this morning?  No, no.  He wants you to cling to precisely those things.  He wants you to throw yourself in front of Him and stop Him in His tracks, and, recognizing your complete helplessness and unworthiness, cling to Him for mercy: “Lord, help me.”  “Lord, I am a dog.  I am a poor, miserable sinner.  I confess it.  But You brought me into God’s House, made me His own.  You promised there is a place for me.  Just let me eat the crumbs.  Just let me sit at your feet at Your Table.  That’s why you came.  To have mercy on me.”  And then, like a dog sitting by the Master’s Table, wait expectantly for what He has to give you.
            He will help you.  But He will help you perfectly.  He will help you in the way He knows to be best, though it be a cross.  Maybe He will immediately relieve you.  He often does.  Then again, maybe He won’t relieve you until you close your eyes in death and open them in heaven.  That is actually a better help and healing than anything you can prescribe to Him.  And you have to remember that the perfect help and healing only come in the end, when Jesus raises you from the dead.  God may cure your cancer now, but you will still die.  God may restore your loved one to health now, but eventually you will have mourn a loss.  That is the reality of life in this sin-fallen world.  The Lord does have mercy.  The Lord does help.  But we often mistake His mercy and help for neglect.  Because we fail to see what Jesus Christ has finally done for the help of the Canaanite woman and her daughter, for you and me, and for the whole world.

            It is His death on the cross, where He bore our griefs and carried our sorrows, where He was stricken, smitten, and afflicted by God for our sins and the sins of the whole world (Is. 53:4-5).  You know why Jesus kept walking as the woman was begging?  He was walking on to complete His earthly ministry, walking on finally to Golgotha to help her, to save her, to save her precious little daughter, to cast out the demons forever.  He was walking on to save you.  And so in His death and in His resurrection, He provides for your help and healing in full measure.  He dies that you might live.  He lives that you might never die.  He is risen, and He will raise you, too, to live with Him, with all the saints, with the Canaanite woman and her daughter, in paradise restored, in the healthful creation of the new heavens and the new earth.  Jesus is not ignoring you, and His answer to you isn’t really “no.”  It is a bigger “yes” than your request.  It is the resurrection of the dead and the life of the world to come.  In the Name of the Father, and of the Son (+), and of the Holy Spirit.  Amen.